Essay on natural calamities like Floods, Drought and Famines.
Drought has plunged East Africa into the worst food security crisis Africa has faced in 20 years. More than 11.5 million people are currently in need of food aid in Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, and Ethiopia.
One of the most famous famines in history, the Great Famine was caused by a devastating potato disease. 33% of the Irish population relied on the potato for sustenance, and the onset of the disease in 1845 triggered mass starvations that lasted until 1853. The large Catholic population was suppressed by British rule, and left unable to own or lease land, or hold a profession. When the blight.
Famines in India. Famine in Indian sub-continent is a chronicle feature. Agriculture in India is heavily dependent on a suitable climate. Rains in summer are important for the irrigation of crops. Lack of rainfall and droughts had lead to several famines in India between the 11th and 17th centuries severely. Notable Famines in India. Bengal.
In recent times droughts have occurred in 1979, 1982, and as close as 2000. The drought of 1979 had an adverse impact on about 200 million people in Eastern Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh. The drought of 1982 was characterised by monsoon departure of -13.7 per cent and having an adverse affect on 46.4 per cent of the area and almost 100 million people of Rajasthan.
Droughts have become more frequent and intense in recent years in Western, Eastern, and Southern Africa. These droughts affect food-production systems in fragile contexts in similar ways that conflict does. Less food and water also means vast numbers of dead livestock in affected areas. This devastates families whose livestock are their main source of income and nutrition.
More frequent droughts are making it harder for people to recover between shocks, making them more vulnerable to the next crisis. In eastern Somaliland, which has been ravaged by this catastrophe, Oxfam has witnessed entire communities on the move, desperately searching for water and pasture, and chasing the rains that have been forecast but are yet to materialize. Many say that this drought.
Famines and earthquakes in Gujarat during the British Raj have played a crucial role in the fate of the Khoja community and their travels across the globe and should be noted. During the Raj, the effects of the famines were more pronounced as the colonial export system continued to send food out of India, even as the impoverished peasants died of starvation. The Indian railways' grid was also.